Make sure to read an overview about Citations to ensure you have a clear understanding of the multiple citation formats required by different disciplines.
The following is an example using MLA. It shows the In-Text formatting required, as well as the citation format for the References List.
Example 1. A short quote is incorporated in the sentence below and identifies the author with a signal phrase. Note the location and content of the citation:
As Thomas Friedman concludes, professionals “better be good at the touchy-feely service” (14) skills if they want to meet the challenges of the 21st century.
Example 2. A short quote is cited within the text below without a signal phrase:
Professionals “better be good at the touchy-feely service” (Freidman 14) skills if they want to meet the challenges of the 21st century.
Example 3. A four line or a forty words or more selection is presented in an indented block. Note the location of the citation:
A discussion with Rao leads Friedman to realize people skills will save a professional’s career:
What you’re telling me, I said to Rao, is that ,
no matter what your profession-doctor, lawyer, architect,
accountant-if you are an American, you better be good
at the touchy-feely service stuff, because anything
that can be digitized can be outsourced to either the smartest
or the cheapest producer, or both. (Friedman, 2005, p. 14)
Reference List Format
MLA citation for a book in the Reference List:
Freidman, Thomas L. The World Is Flat. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2, 2005.